The European Commission has today adopted a Communication outlining the employment challenges and opportunities of the current transition towards a green, low carbon, energy and resource-efficient economy. The Green Employment Initiative Communication presents an integrated framework to allow labour market and skill policies to play an active role to support this transition. The Communication focuses on the importance of anticipating and establishing adequate skills policies to support workers in coping with structural change, of securing labour market transitions, and of strengthening governance and partnership-based initiatives. This Communication complements Communications on the Circular Economy and on a Green Action Plan for SMEs (see IP/14/763 and IP/14/766).

Better targeting of labour market policies and tools, and closer coordination with environment, climate and energy policies, are essential to exploit the full employment potential of “green sectors”. This process also brings important challenges, as the economic transformation leads not only to jobs being created, but also to others being redefined.

The Communication sets out an integrated framework for employment and labour market policies at EU and national levels, including:


  • bridging skills and knowledge gaps by fostering the development of appropriate skills and better forecasting skills needs
  • anticipating sectoral changes, securing transitions in employment and promoting mobility e.g. by promoting wide application of the European Quality Framework for anticipation of change and restructuring and working closely with public employment services
  • supporting job creation through shifting taxation away from labour and on to pollution, promoting green public procurement, entrepreneurship and social entreprises
  • increasing transparency and data quality to improve monitoring and analysis of labour market impacts of the green economy in the European Semester
  • promoting dialogue between employer representatives and trade unions on the transition to the green economy
  • strengthening international cooperation notably through the Green Growth Knowledge Forum launched by the Green Growth Institute, the OECD, the United Nations Environment Programme and the World Bank.

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